Corker, Colleagues Seek Answers From Administration On Internet Transition

Thursday, April 3, 2014
Senator Bob Corker on Wednesday joined Senators John Thune (R-S.D.), Marco Rubio (R-Fl.) and 32 of their Senate Republican colleagues in sending a letter to the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, seeking clarification regarding the recent announcement that NTIA intends to relinquish responsibility of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority functions, the system for assigning website addresses, to the global multistakeholder community.
 
“With the Internet playing an increasingly critical role in providing economic and educational opportunity for Americans as well as powerfully promoting liberty abroad, the United States must ensure the Internet remains free and open, and out of the hands of foreign governments or bad actors,” Senator Corker said.

 
The letter expresses strong support for “the existing bottom-up, multistakeholder approach to Internet governance,” and cautions that we “must not allow the IANA functions to fall under the control of repressive governments, America’s enemies, or unaccountable bureaucrats.”
 
The letter goes on to say, “The global community of Internet stakeholders should act deliberately and transparently as it formulates a possible proposal to transition the IANA functions to a nongovernmental entity. The multistakeholder model of Internet governance and the IANA functions are far too important for this process to be rushed or to be done behind closed doors.”
 
Among other things, the letter asks the administration to “explain why it is in our national interest to transition the IANA functions,” whether this transition can take place unilaterally “without an Act of Congress,” and how NTIA will ensure “the IANA functions do not end up being controlled, directly or indirectly, by a government or inter-governmental entity.”
 
Senators Thune, Rubio, and Corker were joined by Senators Kelly Ayotte (R-N.H.), John Barrasso (R-Wy.), Roy Blunt (R-Mo.), John Boozman (R-Ar.), Richard Burr (R-N.C.), Saxby Chambliss (R-Ga.), Dan Coats (R-In.), Tom Coburn (R-Ok.), John Cornyn (R-Tx.), Mike Crapo (R-Id.), Ted Cruz (R-Tx.), Mike Enzi (R-Wy.), Deb Fischer (R-Ne.), Chuck Grassley (R-Ia.), Orrin Hatch (R-Ut.), Dean Heller (R-Ne.), John Hoeven (R-N.D.), Jim Inhofe (R-Ok.), Mike Johanns (R-Ne.), Ron Johnson (R-Wi.), Mark Kirk (R-Il.), Mike Lee (R-Ut.), John McCain (R-Az.), Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), Jerry Moran (R-Ks.), Lisa Murkowski (R-Ak.), Rob Portman (R-Oh.), Jim Risch (R-Id.), Pat Roberts (R-Ks.), Tim Scott (R-S.C.), David Vitter (R-La.), and Roger Wicker (R-Ms.).
 
Full text of the letter is below:
 
The Honorable Lawrence Strickling
Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information
National Telecommunications and Information Administration
U.S. Department of Commerce
1401 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20230
 
Dear Assistant Secretary Strickling:
 
We write concerning the recent announcement by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) that it intends to relinquish responsibility of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions to the global multistakeholder community.  In its announcement, NTIA also asked the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) to convene stakeholders and develop a proposal to transition the role currently played by NTIA.
 
We strongly support the existing bottom-up, multistakeholder approach to Internet governance that has led to immense prosperity and empowerment for individuals around the world.  The current approach has helped to define the open Internet, which has allowed the private sector to deliver technology and services that have changed our lives for the better.  In 2012, many of us were leaders on S. Con. Res. 50, a resolution that reinforced the U.S. government’s opposition to ceding control of the Internet to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), an arm of the United Nations, or to any other governmental body.  As you know, S. Con. Res. 50 unanimously passed both the Senate and the House of Representatives, a rare instance of bipartisan agreement on such an important topic.
 
In announcing the intended transition, NTIA committed that it “will not accept a proposal that replaces the NTIA role with a government-led or an inter-governmental organization solution.”  We agree that any such proposal would be completely unacceptable.  Replacing NTIA’s role with another governmental organization would be disastrous, and we would vigorously oppose such a plan.  We must not allow the IANA functions to fall under the control of repressive governments, America’s enemies, or unaccountable bureaucrats.
 
The global community of Internet stakeholders should act deliberately and transparently as it formulates a possible proposal to transition the IANA functions to a nongovernmental entity.  The multistakeholder model of Internet governance and the IANA functions are far too important for this process to be rushed or to be done behind closed doors.
 
Because this issue is so important to the future of the Internet and for the protection of American values and interests, we request expeditious responses to the following questions and requests for information about the proposed IANA transition.
 
·         A 2000 report by the U.S. General Accounting Office stated that “it is unclear if the Department [of Commerce] has the requisite authority” to transfer control of the IANA functions to a private entity.  Please provide us with the Administration’s legal views and analysis on whether the United States Government can transition the IANA functions to another entity without an Act of Congress.
 
·         Please explain why it is in our national interest to transition the IANA functions to the “global multistakeholder community.”
 
·         You have stated that NTIA believes “the timing is right to start the transition process.”  Why does the Administration believe now is the appropriate time to begin the transition, and what was the specific circumstance or development that led the Administration to decide to begin the transition now?
 
·         What steps will NTIA take to ensure the process to develop a transition plan for the IANA functions is open and transparent?
 
·         Will NTIA actively participate in the global multistakeholder process to develop a transition plan for the IANA functions, or will the Administration leave the process entirely in the hands of ICANN?
 
·         You have stated that NTIA “will not accept a proposal that replaces NTIA’s role with a government-led or an inter-governmental solution,” but NTIA has been silent on how it will ensure the IANA functions do not end up being controlled, directly or indirectly, by a government or inter-governmental entity.  What specific options are available to NTIA to prevent this from happening?
 
·         How can the Administration guarantee the multistakeholder organization that succeeds NTIA will not subsequently transfer the IANA functions to a government or intergovernmental organization in the future, or that such successor organization will not eventually fall under the undue influence of other governments?
 
·         NTIA asked ICANN to lead the transition process.  However, ICANN has a potential self-interest in increasing its own autonomy and reducing its accountability to other entities.  Some stakeholders have expressed concerns that ICANN may seek to control the IANA functions on its own, without oversight from anyone else.  How did NTIA determine that ICANN is the appropriate entity to lead the transition process, and how will NTIA ensure that ICANN does not inappropriately control or influence the process for its own self-interest?
 
·         Does NTIA believe ICANN currently is sufficiently transparent and accountable in its activities, or should ICANN adopt additional transparency and accountability requirements as part of the IANA transition?
 
·         Is it realistic to expect that an acceptable transition plan can be developed before the IANA functions contract expires on September 30, 2015?  Is there another example of a similar global stakeholder transition plan being developed and approved in just 18 months?
 
·         How will NTIA ultimately decide whether a proposed transition plan for IANA, developed by global stakeholders, is acceptable?  What factors will NTIA use to determine if such a proposal supports and enhances the multistakeholder model; maintains the security, stability, and resiliency of the Internet Domain Name System; meets the needs and expectation of the global customers and partners of the IANA services; and maintains the openness of the Internet?
 
·         Will NTIA also take into account American values and interests in evaluating a proposed transition plan? How?
 
As this process moves forward, we will conduct careful oversight on behalf of the American people to ensure that American values, American interests, and the open Internet are protected.  Your detailed responses to our questions and requests for information will aid in that oversight, and we thank you in advance for your personal attention to this matter.
 
Sincerely,

Tennessee American Water And Chambliss Center For Children Kick-Off Summer At Annual Pool Party

Tennessee American Water and Chambliss Center for Children kicked-off the summer season with a pool party for the children participating in the summer program. Tennessee American Water filled up the more than 35,000-gallon pool at no cost to Chambliss Center for Children. “Clean and reliable water is an essential life resource. We are committed to providing high quality water ... (click for more)

Hixson Dentist Awarded Tennessee Dental Association Fellowship

Dr. Michael R. Johnson, a Hixson dentist, received the prestigious Tennessee Dental Association (TDA) Fellowship Award during the recent Music City Dental Conference held in Nashville, the 149th annual meeting of the TDA. The Fellowship Award is presented to no more than twelve deserving Tennessee dentists each year who make noteworthy contributions of their time and talent toward ... (click for more)

Large Hole Develops In Lane Of I-24 Eastbound Over Chestnut Street; Emergency Repair Undertaken

A large hole developed in the I-24 eastbound bridge over Chestnut Street in Chattanooga on Sunday evening. Jennifer Flynn of TDOT said, "The hole is such that we are having to close a lane to protect traffic.  This will cause a significant backup in traffic, especially given the holiday.  "This is the same bridge, but different location that we recently did an emergency ... (click for more)

12 Lost Hikers Rescued At Rainbow Lake, Edwards Point

Eleven adults and a child were briefly lost at Rainbow Lake and Edwards Point trails on Signal Mountain on Sunday. A 911 call was made at 9:45 p.m. from one of the hikers reporting the group lost sunlight hiking out of the trails at Edwards Point. Th Signal Mountain Fire Department and the Walden's Ridge Emergency Services have responded to the scene to ... (click for more)

Parking Discrimination Downtown

Many taxpayers who reside in Chattanooga (but outside Chattanooga's core) feel left behind when it comes to neighborhood paving, sidewalks, policing, streetscaping, street sweeping, public transportation, and other services. Some think most tax dollars are spent on downtown and not in their neighborhoods. It's not as if they can't vicariously experience the largesse of downtown. ... (click for more)

Roy Exum: One Nameless Ghost

One hundred years ago the United States was at war. The most intense fighting during World War I was on what was called The Western Front. The Germans wanted to invade France from the north and in order to do it, they had to push through Flanders province in Belgium. It has been described as a hell unequalled in raw hand-to-hand combat, In just four months on Flanders fields, ... (click for more)