Brandi Pearl Thompson: How Long Does It Take To Buy A House?

Friday, January 10, 2020 - by Brandi Pearl Thompson, president, Greater Chattanooga Realtors

How long does it take to buy a house? A lot depends on how much time you spend shopping for one. But once you have a contract, nationally it takes an average of 50 days to close on a house (locally is sooner). There are a lot of steps to buying a house, and any of them could drag out the timeline, especially if you're not prepared. Houselogic, part of the National Association of Realtors has a handy home-buying timeline, broken down step-by-step, so you can be in control:

1. Do Your Homework.

1-14 days. Dreaming about owning your own home is one thing; making it happen is another. To get beyond the dream stage, you need to do some critical research to help you figure out what you do and don't want — along with how much can you afford. 

It's mighty disappointing to fall in love with a house only to find out you can't afford it. A quick chat with your bank can help you avoid that heartbreak — it's called pre-qualifying. But it's no guarantee you'll get a mortgage (that comes later), only an indication of how much you can afford.

2. Find a realtor. 1-7 days. Finding a realtor who suits you is key to the home buying process. They should be your most trusted adviser. Look for one with intimate knowledge of your desired community. If they know the inside scoop, they'll know a great deal when they see it.

3. Get Pre-Approved for a Loan. 5-8 business days. Getting pre-approved for a loan signals you're a serious buyer. Most realtors recommend you have a pre-approval in hand before you make an offer, and they can offer recommendations for lenders. But pre-approval goes deeper than pre-qualification. It needs a ton of documents from you. Some tips to help make this a speedier process is to have all your documents for mortgage pre-approval organized and ready to go. You should also compare rates from lenders within a 14-day window. Credit bureaus will count all their checks as just one, which is good news for your credit score.

4. Shop. A few days to a few months. Here's where things really vary. There are so many variables. If you're set on a particular neighborhood where the inventory is low, it could take longer, or you could discover "the one" on day one. It all depends on what you're seeking and what's available. 

5. Make an Offer, Negotiate, and Sign a Contract. 1-7 days. Work with your realtor on price, contingencies, and other terms of the deal. To help make this step proceed smoothly you should include the pre-approval letter from your lender in the offer, and put down earnest money. (Commit 3 percent to 4 percent of the sale price instead of the standard 1 percent to 3 percent, and you might really put a fire under them. If you receive a counteroffer, respond ASAP. You don't want to give another buyer time to jump in with a better offer.

6. Get Final Mortgage Approval. A few days to 3 weeks. Getting pre-approved for a mortgage doesn't automatically mean you get a loan on the home you have under contract. The lender has a few other requirements once the home is chosen, such as an inspection and appraisal. And they'll want to see even more current copies of your financial documents. From this point on, the steps to buying a house will often overlap, so you'll have several wheels in motion.

7. Get a Home Inspection. 3-7 days to schedule; 2-3 hours to inspect. As soon as your contract is accepted, contact an inspector to get on their books. The inspection itself will only take two or three hours, and typically they can get the report to you quickly. Many inspectors take pictures and fill out the report as they go, then send it to your inbox within hours of completion. But it can take up to a couple of days if they're backed up.

If the inspection turns up issues, it can cause some delays. This can range from a day or two to renegotiate, or longer if, for example, you have an FHA loan that requires certain safety standards. A home with peeling lead paint may need to be repainted, which can take weeks.

8. Get a Home Appraisal. Up to 5 days to schedule; a few hours to do the appraisal; up to 5 business days to get the report to the lender. The appraisal is key to getting a mortgage. If the home fails to appraise for the mortgage amount, you may have to put more down or renegotiate the contract. That's why you want to line up an appraiser as soon as you have a house under contract. And unlike the home inspection, this report goes to the lender instead of you and takes longer because the appraiser has to do additional research on what homes are selling for in the area.

9. Get Title Insurance. 1-3 business days for title check; 2 weeks for insurance policy. Your title company will perform the check, which means they'll look at deeds and other documents to make sure you will own the home free and clear of any liens or former claims to the property.

10. Get Homeowners Insurance. Up to 2 weeks. Your insurance company may send someone out to assess the property for potential risks, which can take several days. And your mortgage lender may require other types of coverage, such as flood insurance.

11. Arrange for Closing Funds. A few minutes to a few days. Find out from your realtor whether you need to bring a cashier's or certified check or transfer funds digitally. Transfer the funds to the right account, and get your money ready to release. If you ever receive wiring instructions by email, call your agent or lender to confirm one of them sent it. Call the phone number you have on record for your agent, not the one listed in the suspect email.

12. Conduct a Final Walk-Through. 1 hour, the day of or day before closing. This is your chance to make sure the sellers made any agreed-upon repairs and left the property in as good (or better) condition than the last time you saw it.

13. Close on the House. 50 days on average; 1-2 hours to actually sign the paperwork. Each step after you've got a contract on a home is part of the closing process. And that process, which includes getting the loan, inspection, appraisal, title, insurance, etc., takes the average home buyer about six weeks. 

When it's time for the main event, bring your photo ID, and stretch your hand muscles; you've got a lot of signing to do! But getting the keys takes hardly any time at all.

Buying a home can be a complicated process, but realtors serve our clients and community to make the process as seamless as possible. That’s Who We R.

* * *

Brandi Pearl Thompson is a realtor with Keller Williams of Chattanooga.

Chattanooga's Million Dollar Homes

Commercial Building, 9 Acres At Enterprise South Sell For $9,250,000

Susannah Murdock Joins Robinson Realty Group In Chattanooga

Chattanooga's Million Dollar homes, reflected in recent transactions, include: 2606 Ooltewah Ringgold Road 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, 2,126 square feet on 7.71 acre lot. The sale was to Clayton ... (click for more)

A commercial building and nine acres at the Enterprise South Industrial Park have sold for $9,250,000. The site is at 7150 Discovery Dr. The American Tire Distributors facility has 124,800 ... (click for more)

Susannah Murdock has joined the family owned business, Robinson Realty Group LLC, as a realtor in the downtown Chattanooga office with brokers Rob Robinson and Sally Robinson. Robinson Realty ... (click for more)

Real Estate

Chattanooga's Million Dollar Homes

Chattanooga's Million Dollar homes, reflected in recent transactions, include: 2606 Ooltewah Ringgold Road 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, 2,126 square feet on 7.71 acre lot. The sale was to Clayton Properties Group Inc from Assurance Land Development Llc $4,104,000 7303 Igou Gap Road 4 bedrooms, 4.5+ baths, 5,355 square feet on 1.4 acre lot. The sale was to Eric Lee Emanski ... (click for more)

Commercial Building, 9 Acres At Enterprise South Sell For $9,250,000

A commercial building and nine acres at the Enterprise South Industrial Park have sold for $9,250,000. The site is at 7150 Discovery Dr. The American Tire Distributors facility has 124,800 square feet. It was built in 2012. The sale was to At Chat Owner Llc from Arg Atchttn001 Llc. (click for more)

Breaking News

Several Hamilton County Schools Shift To Remote Learning

Several Hamilton County Schools are shifting to remote learning due to a rise in COVID-19 cases. Officials said, "The health and well-being of all Hamilton County students and staff has and will always be our highest priority. We are monitoring the current wave of COVID-19 spreading across our community and schools. "Current state law does not permit the entire school ... (click for more)

Hamilton County Reports 10 More COVID Deaths And 600 Positive Cases

The Hamilton County Health Department on Wednesday reported 600 new positive COVID-19 cases, up from 479 on Tuesday. The total number of cases in the county now stands at 81,080. There were 10 more deaths from the virus in Hamilton County reported on Wednesday, for a total of 946. “The ten deaths reported today by the Hamilton County Health Department occurred within the last ... (click for more)


My Family Is Afraid And So Am I, A Tale Of American Healthcare

My father fears what I’m about to say will make me unable to find a job in the future. He may be right. My whole family worries about my health, as do I, and we have good reason to do so. I feel now more than ever that I must speak up regardless of consequence or retribution because to remain silent about this truly and uniquely American experience would be wrong. I did all the ... (click for more)

Chattanooga Works

I was driving south on 153 back to East Brainerd and looking out at the mountains in the distance and the lake so calm now and thought to myself, Chattanooga is a good place to be and a good place to be in constant awe of the beauty that surrounds us. I am not native to Chattanooga, nor the south, but more and more I love it. There is another point that needs to be shared and ... (click for more)