Although the above terms were most commonly employed during the Cuban Missile Crisis of the President John F. Kennedy administration and the Lyndon Baines Johnson - Barry Goldwater contest in 1964 they were in use in politics from an early time period in American history.
In 1798 Thomas Jefferson coined the term “war hawk” for those who supported the concept of “war.”
The description of individuals who advocated “peace” arose from the Biblical book of Genesis where Noah after the Great Flood sent a dove to see if the waters had receded enough to allow the bird to secure an olive leaf, indicating that there was land nearby.
Current politicians are often described by one of the terms to indicate their viewpoint on use of the military to preserve peace or advocate war.
(Excerpts from “The Little Book of Answers” – Author – Doug Lennox – (2003) – MJF Books – New York, NY 1001.
The book is available on Ebay and other Internet sites.)