Officials announced Friday that they are pursuing tax increment financing for One Westside, a collaboration between the Chattanooga Housing Authority, The Bend, the city and the county on 300 acres connecting Main Street to the Tennessee River.
The TIF is set to be approved first at the Industrial Development Board’s June meeting, with full approval this summer, it was stated.
The TIF will generate funds for Hamilton County Mayor Weston Wamp’s planned downtown vocational high school project. Mr. Wamp has said he wants to resurrect Kirkman Vocational High School, which was closed in 1991 to make way for the era’s riverfront facelift.
Exact proportions of the TIF funds recipients will be released in the coming weeks.
CHA’s Westside Evolves project will get a big piece of the funding to replace 629 housing units in its College Hill Courts and Gateway Tower buildings, and to build 1,783 new units divided into mixed-income tiers.
The city and county will withhold a small portion of the TIF funds for debt service and basic infrastructure such as streets, sidewalks, lighting and parks.
“Education is economic development as far as I’m concerned,” said Mayor Tim Kelly. The city has designated $32 million for the downtown vocational school and the county has designated $82 million, it was stated.
Chattanooga Area Chamber of Commerce President and CEO Charles Wood said it will be about a year before the TIF produces money for the school or for Westside. First the city must build necessary infrastructure and await tax assessments. He said that’s normal, though. The new South Broad TIF approved in August 2022 will expect its first returns in January 2024, he said.
Betsy McCright, CHA executive director, said TIF proceeds in the Westside neighborhood will help break generational poverty and fill a need for more affordable housing in Chattanooga.
She said 82 percent of Westside residents were involved in Westside Evolves planning. She said the project could get as much as $50 million over eight years if CHA is awarded a Choice Neighborhoods HUD grant and tax credit. Ms. McCright said she expects grant results in January 2024.
With additional funding in place over 2024, she said building will begin in early 2025.
Money aside, the Westside developers are ready. “These plans are fully baked and we’re ready to break ground,” said Urban Story Ventures President Jimmy White, who called Westside “Chattanooga’s next great neighborhood.”
“This is going to take a village,” he said, but that Westside is a neighborhood “for Chattanoogans, by Chattanoogans.”
Mr. White said that Chattanooga has only five existing TIFs, compared with 30 in Knox County and 15 in Davidson County. He dubbed this newest 20-year TIF fiscally conservative because the land area is large, giving local government a better chance of recouping its money quickly.
Officials said the One Westside plan envisions more than 1 million square feet of commercial space, thousands of new homes, and 14 acres of new green space, including nine acres for a new Riverfront park on what is now known as The Bend (former Combustion/Alston site). Of the new homes, at least 10 percent of all rental units in The Bend footprint will be reserved for residents making 80 percent or less of the area median income.
Mayor Kelly said, “For nearly a year, we’ve worked alongside Mayor Wamp and Urban Story Ventures to get the best possible deal for the residents of Chattanooga and Hamilton County, while ensuring that this transformative development will be something that will make us all proud. This plan is the culmination of that robust, collaborative and candid process.
“This trajectory-altering approach will provide a long-term lift to every resident’s quality of life and will go the distance toward addressing our residents’ housing, education and employment needs for decades to come. This project essentially adds a whole new neighborhood to Chattanooga, and transforms another, so it's not a stretch to call this a generational opportunity.”
Officials said all funding that would normally be set aside for public schools will be protected. As part of this TIF structure, additional funding from the new revenues will be set aside to create new downtown education opportunities, through a partnership between Hamilton County, the city of Chattanooga, and Hamilton County Department of Education.
Through Urban Story Ventures’ private development of the under-utilized industrial site formerly occupied by Combustion Engineering, Alstom and GE, the new TIF district and Westside Evolves "are expected to conservatively unlock a minimum of $800 million in new development over the next 10 years, which will support the construction of public infrastructure, educational opportunities, and new affordable housing," officials said.
“This agreement represents a new approach to economic development in which the priorities of the citizens of Hamilton County and the City of Chattanooga are aligned closely with the developers,” said County Mayor Wamp. “Jimmy White and his team at Urban Story Ventures are visionaries who care deeply about our community, and I’m grateful they understand the importance of public education to the future of our local economy.”
Officials said, "Tax increment financing (TIF) is a funding tool used by cities and counties to revitalize blighted and under-utilized properties, such as the former industrial site that was once home to Combustion Engineering, Alstom and GE. As the improvement and development of these blighted properties increases their taxable value, local government sets aside a portion of the increase in property taxes to help fund public improvements in the area, improvements that also further catalyze the development – a virtuous cycle that will benefit people within and beyond the TIF boundary.
"TIFs are enacted for a limited number of years, in this case 20 years per parcel. During this time, all existing property taxes will continue to be collected as usual. Of the new revenue collected as a result of new development, every dollar allocated to Hamilton County for school operations will still be collected. Only a portion of new revenues paid by property owners are set aside to help fund approved projects. After the TIF expires, all existing and all new tax revenues are collected and distributed as usual.
"This TIF is unique in that it provides a split of every new tax dollar created: Here’s how the new tax revenue will be allocated through the end of the TIF:
Of the county’s portion of new property tax revenue, the county will withhold its normal portions for essential county services and public schools;
Of the county’s remaining new property tax revenue, 53 percent of the remaining revenue will provide funding for downtown education opportunities, with the remaining funding being allocated to the TIF;
Of the city’s portion of new property tax revenue, the city will withhold its normal portions for essential city services;
Of the city’s remaining new property tax revenue, 53 percent of the remaining revenue will provide funding for the following:
Westside Evolves Revitalization Plan
New partnership with the county for downtown education opportunities
New fire station
Remaining funding to be allocated to sidewalks, roads, stormwater, light poles, and other public infrastructure improvements.
"By leveraging private development to fund the community’s most pressing needs, the city and county will be able to significantly grow their tax base and provide additional services without raising taxes. And like most TIFs, this agreement is backed by the developer, meaning that Urban Story Ventures will invest its own money in public infrastructure, and will only be reimbursed when the property begins generating incremental tax revenue."
Developer White said, "This community-focused partnership will allow us to revitalize the Westside — an area once known as an epicenter for business and prosperity. Without the TIF, this transformation would not be possible. It's key to building out the substantial public infrastructure needed to support these 120 acres while simultaneously supporting affordable housing, education, and community services."
Officials said, "A key community benefit of the plan is that it provides revenue to reimagine public housing in the city, enabling the Westside Evolves plan to be executed.
"Westside Evolves is a $1 billion effort that will build new affordable housing to replace obsolete housing units one-for-one, while also building a mix of new housing types to spark new vibrancy, commercial activity and economic opportunity across the Chattanooga Housing Authority’s 115-acre footprint.
The Chattanooga Housing Authority will use its portion of TIF proceeds to apply for HUD's Choice Neighborhood Implementation (CNI) Grant which could provide an additional $50 million to the Westside. If the authority is successful in obtaining this grant, it could lead to multiple awards of nine percent Low Income Housing Tax Credits from the Tennessee Housing Development Agency and a better quality of life for families living in Chattanooga's oldest public housing community."
Ms. McCright said, “We are grateful for the support the City, County and Bend are offering in allocating TIF proceeds to the transformation of the Westside. Working together, we will be able to make transformative change and in many instances, end generational poverty. The return on investment of these dollars will resonate for generations."
The Bend is 120 acres of redevelopment led by Urban Story Ventures, a local commercial real estate company, that will take advantage of the site’s potential along the Tennessee River to redefine the scale of downtown Chattanooga. As an adaptive reuse project that will incorporate the site’s natural and industrial history, the Bend will be designed to feature new public parks and green spaces, as well as new commercial, entertainment, and residential options.
The proposed agreement will be reviewed for completion by Chattanooga’s Industrial Development Board at its next public meeting. It will then be referred to the City Council and County Commission for a resolution of intent at their public meetings.
Afterward, an application review committee will review the content of the application for the Industrial Development Board. This will be followed by a public hearing before the Industrial Development Board.
After the public hearing before the Industrial Development Board, a final vote will be taken by the City Council and County Commission, as well as the establishment of an intergovernmental agreement between the city and county outlining the terms of the project, and between the city and the Chattanooga Housing Authority.